1) Name, detail, and provide unique examples of all of the fallacies of relevance, induction, and ambiguity. Explain why these fallacies are each called what they are called.
2) Name, and explain in detail, all of the arguments discussed for and against the existence of (or the belief in) a god. How does each of these arguments handle the problem of the existence of evil?
3) Name and explain in detail the different arguments discussed in the debate over free will and determinism. What scientific theories best mesh with each argument? Explain why.
4) Name and give details of the various perspectives on personal identity. How does the idea of immortality affect each of these, in turn?
5) Name and define the various perspectives of philosophy of mind, as discussed in class. What are the major flaws with each perspective?
6) Name and define the ethical theories as discussed in class. Pay special attention to categories including but not limited to “Realism,” “Consequentialism,” and “Deontology.” Explain what each of these categories means
7) Provide and dissect three examples of failed logical argumentation, in the media. Provide links, if found online.
8) The problem of evil, as seen in the wider world, tends to present itself to people as the fault of outside forces, such as god or generalised “Free Will.” What are the elements of your personal ethics, and which of those elements do you feel have the most negative impact on the world around you?
9) Do you have free will? Are you determined? Both? Neither? What evidence do you have to support your belief, either way? What evidence contradicts your belief and how do you respond to it?
10) Do you have an individual identity? What makes you who you are? How much of who you think you are rests in the understanding or estimation others have of you?
11) Imagine that you’ve just found irrefutable evidence that I am not a biological human being but am, in fact, an android. All of my memories and personality traits are the result of someone programming a set of starting parameters into me. As I have grown and developed, I have done things that look like what would be considered moral and ethical choices, in a human being, the results of some of which have been experienced by you.
Now that you know this about me, do you still consider me to be a real person? Am I still responsible for my moral choices?
If your answers to those two questions are different, why?